parallel sentence structure

Parallel Structure Quiz. 3. A cluster of amplifiers spread the theme of love over everything and everybody; the mild breeze spread the dust over everything and everybody. Writing: Parallel structure — Harder example Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. With the -ing form (gerund) of words:With infinitive phrases:(Note: You can use \"to\" before all the verbs in a sentence or only before the first one.) In English grammar, parallelism (also called parallel structure or parallel construction) is the repetition of the same grammatical form in two or more parts of a sentence. Many tests, including the SAT, will require you to identify parallel structure errors as a means of testing your writing abilities. Usage - Parallel Structure. - Easy come, easy go.- No pain, no gain.- Sometimes you win, sometimes you lose.- One man's trash is another man's treasure.- A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush. Think of railroad tracks, which run parallel to one another. Finally, parallel structure can be used with comparisons. Correct: Dogs are great pets for the following reasons: they are loyal, they are loving, and they are obedient. Some helpful hints on how to revise sentences for parallel structure: 1) Figure out what parts of the sentence are being compared. These elements should be in the same grammatical form so that they are parallel. Parallel structure places words, phrases, clauses, and sentences in a series of the same grammatical elements. Parallel Sentence Structure Lesson Plans and Activities - Chapter Summary. Correct: The teacher told them that they need to study and that they should practice their words every night. There are correctors that are free to use and you can use it anytime you want. Correct: Either she likes to see him or she doesn't like to see him. 1. If you don't, you destroy the rhythm you've tried to establish. "(Charlotte's advice to Wilbur in Charlotte's Web by E.B. Correct: Yesterday we watched a movie, played video games and made pizza.Incorrect: Yesterday we watched a movie, play video games and made pizza.The Importance of Parallel Structure. Correct: We enjoy relaxing and sitting out in the sun. When you use parallel structure, you increase the readability of your writing by creating word patterns readers can follow easily. If one track bends along the line, a train goes off the rails. Kevin raced toward the sideline, down the field, and ended up in the end zone. Parallel Structure Examples - Which sentence is correct - Answer B is incorrect. "(Arthur Bryant in Seventy-Seven Clocks by Christopher Fowler. All Rights Reserved. Some examples of clauses using parallel structure are: Some more examples of parallel structure include: When you have items on a list following a colon, the items should all be in the same form in order to avoid a parallel structure error. Parallelism is a similarity of grammatical form for similar elements of meaning within a sentence or among sentences. If two or more ideas are parallel, they should be expressed in parallel grammatical form. Correct: She likes to dance and to sing songs. Sentence elements that are alike in function should also be alike in construction. Another word for parallel structure is parallelism. "(Attributed to Albert Camus), "I had been short, and now I was tall. In English, you can think of parallel as meaning balanced, like in the picture of the scale on the right. Whenever you make a list of items or actions in a sentence, using equal grammatical units is crucial. Click here to download a PDF of this answer key.. Parallel Structure & Comparisons. By Single words should be balanced with single words, phrases with … Alfred A. Knopf, 2003), "The wheels wheeled, the chairs spun, the cotton candy tinted the faces of children, the bright leaves tinted the woods and hills. You try it: Write P if the sentence has parallel structure. Parallel words and phrases: 1. Creating parallel constructions shows the reader that two or more things relate to each other with equal importance. In English grammar, parallel structure involves two or more words, phrases, or clauses that are similar in length and grammatical form. Correct: The following activities can be done at the mall: buying groceries, eating lunch, and paying bills. The clothes are washed, the dishes are cleaned, and the dogs are walked. 1. This means that each of the items on the list is equal in the grammar tenses that you use. If the first item stated in the list is a noun, the following items should also consist of nouns; if the first action is a simple past tense verb, then the succeeding actions must be in the simple past tense form of the verb as well. 1. Some examples of parallel structure with infinitives: Be consistent and use parallel structure with words that end in -ing. Published on May 2, 2019 by Amy Luo. Parallel structure should be used when you connect clauses with a coordinating conjunction such as: for, and, nor, or, but, so, or yet. Instructions Each sentence below shows incorrect parallel structure. The famous quote of Julius Caesar is good example of why parallelism is so powerful. Parallelism in sentences refers to matching grammatical structures. Any time you are creating a list in writing, you will want to use a parallel sentence structure. "(Tom Robbins, Still Life with Woodpecker, 1980), "When success happens to an English writer, he acquires a new typewriter. 4. Next morning, in the Lafayette Hotel in Portland, I went down to breakfast and found May Craig looking solemn at one of the tables and Mr. Murray, the auctioneer, looking cheerful at another."(E.B. "(Samuel Johnson, quoted by James Boswell in The Life of Samuel Johnson, 1791), "Read not to contradict and confute; nor to believe and take for granted; nor to find talk and discourse; but to weigh and consider. It emphasizes on the same level of importance of multiple ideas or information given in the same sentence. Using parallel structure in your writing will help with 1) economy 2) clarity 3) equality 4) delight. Eating the right foods will help you feel healthier, more attractive, and strongly. The scale is balanced. Parallel structure should be used when you connect clauses with a coordinating conjunction such as: for, and, nor, or, but, so, or yet. Parallel Elements could be independent clauses. This means that each of the items on the list is equal in the grammar tenses that you use. 2) Decide whether they are parallel, i.e. This grammatical form can be used with a variety of structures including infinitives, words, clauses and lists. By using parallel structure, the writer indicates that all of the items in the list are of equal importance. Correct: They argued not only about the article, but also about the review. Correct: Tim was considered to be a good employee because he was always on time, he was very motivated and he was a good leader. "(Martin Amis, "Kurt Vonnegut: After the Slaughterhouse." Keep in mind that parallel structure should be used when it comes to verb tense. answer. I had been skinny and quiet and religious, and now I was good-looking and muscular. It emphasizes on the same level of importance of multiple ideas or information given in the same sentence. a. What exactly is parallel structure? The fox runs across the wood, jumps over the rock and moves down the hill. Parallel structure refers to same word pattern within a sentence by repeating a chosen grammatical form. Correct: People who get ahead do lots of different things such as: studying, working hard, and going to college. White. Some examples of this include: 1. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Simon and Schuster, 1967), "If you are idle, be not solitary; if you are solitary, be not idle. Parallel ideas, that is, ideas being compared (APA 3.09), coordinated (APA 3.23), listed (APA 3.04), or presented as stubs in a table (APA 5.13), must be expressed using parallel grammatical forms.In other words, the ideas need to have a similar grammatical structure (e.g., adjectives with adjectives, verbs with verbs, nouns with nouns, and so on). Compare the two following sentences: Yara loves running, to swim, and biking. Washedwith shampoo and dried under blow dryers are verbs and prepositional Fruits, vegetables, and grains are an important part of a well-balanced diet. "(Jane Smiley, Good Faith. Parallelism is used as a rhetorical and stylistic device in literature, speeches, advertising, and … Make each item in the list a prepositional phrase that modifies raced. In English we make parallel structure in our sentences. 3) If they are not, make them parallel by making the … Correct: Mary wanted to make sure that she made her presentation creatively, effectively and persuasively. "(Francis Bacon, "Of Studies," 1625), "Those who write clearly have readers; those who write obscurely have commentators. If two or more ideas are parallel, they should be expressed in parallel grammatical form. Inc… To check whether your structure of the sentence is correct is something that takes not only time and effort, but knowledge and skill in understanding the intricacies of grammar and syntax. These lists can be made up of words, phrases, or even clauses. 5. Harper, 1977), To create parallel structure, keep in mind that adjectives should be paralleled by adjectives, nouns by nouns, dependent clauses by dependent clauses, and so on.​, INCORRECT: Your new training program was stimulating and a challenge. • Be concise. The parallel structure will always be applied to the verbs that are used in a group of nouns that are used together. Wiley, 2003). Guidelines for Creating Parallel Structure, Definition and Examples of Postmodifiers in English Grammar, Examples of Faulty Parallelism in English Grammar, Definition and Examples of Correlative Conjunctions. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. Proverbs, for example, provide a simple way to grasp the concept of parallel structure. Some examples of this use include: Parallel structure should be used with infinitives. Some examples of this include: In addition to coordinating conjunctions, parallel structure is also used with correlative conjunctions such as: either...or, neither...nor, not only...but also. b. Do the following for each: 1. See the examples below. These are the same grammatical structure and form a proper parallel sentence. Parallel structure can be applied to a single sentence, a paragraph, or even multiple paragraphs. Parallel Structure Parallelism is a similarity of grammatical form for similar elements of meaning within a sentence or among sentences. Words and phrases should not only match in structure, but also in tense. "(Leonardo da Vinci), "We spend our youth attempting to change the future, and the rest of our lives trying to preserve the past. Parallel structure: Parts of sentences in that sequence should follow same structural or grammatical principle. White, "Goodbye to Forty-Eighth Street." Another word for parallel structure is parallelism . Think of railroad tracks, which run parallel to one another. 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, Definition and Examples of Agreement in English Grammar, Understanding the Types of Verbs in English Grammar, Constructing Parallel Sentences and Phrases, What Is a Phrase? By convention, items in a series appear in parallel grammatical form: a noun is listed with other nouns, an -ing form with other -ing forms, and so on. Parallelism occurs when at least two parts of a sentence (clauses or phrases) have a similar form. You need to move swiftly and quietly. Correct: She wrote a letter and mailed it to the school. Parallel structure is a stylistic device, and a grammatical construction having two or more clauses, phrases or words, with similar grammatical form and length. Identifying and Implementing Parallel Structure. Click here to download a PDF of these practice activities. (Adjective and noun, stimulating and challenge)CORRECT: Your new training program was stimulating and challenging. Most of the time, you … The parallel sentence structure is the one that would require more than two verbs and also have similar grammatical forms. 2. Example 1: Incorrect: This paper will address No Child Left Behind, how to teach effectively, and instructing with multimedia aids. Parallel structure refers to same word pattern within a sentence by repeating a chosen grammatical form. English Sentence Structure Checker. White, 1952), "It is by logic we prove, but by intuition we discover. Creating parallel constructions shows the reader that two or more things relate to each other with equal importance. Some examples of parallel structure of words that end in -ing: Parallel structure should be used when writing clauses. Correct: I will not sing a song, nor will I dance. It also adds value to a writer's overall composition and shows that their writing is structurally and grammatically correct. Writers use parallel structure to add clarity to their writing and to make it easier to understand. Parallel Structure in Sentences. arranged or constructed in the same way. (Two adjectives, stimulating and challenging), (William A. Sabin, The Gregg Reference Manual, 10th ed. If you observe carefully, then you would notice that verbs have different tenses, participles, and variations of plural & singular. The famous quote of Julius Caesar is good example of why parallelism is so powerful. "Never hurry and never worry! Excessive subordination: This is not an effective or good substitute for choppy sentences. Correct: Ashley likes to ski, to swim and to jump rope. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. In English grammar, parallel structure involves two or more words, phrases, or clauses that are similar in length and grammatical form. Writers use parallel structure in the words and phrases in their sentences. Any time you are creating a list in writing, you will want to use a parallel sentence structure. It’s simply the practice of using the same structures or forms multiple times: making sure the parts are parallel to each other. Bantam, 2005), "Humanity has advanced, when it has advanced, not because it has been sober, responsible, and cautious, but because it has been playful, rebellious, and immature. Definition and Examples in Grammar, Definition and Uses of the Definite Article 'the' in English, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. Quotes by authors and famous historical figures also illustrate the use of parallel structure. She was never wrong; she never lost her patience. Parallel structure ( also called parallelism ) is the repetition of a chosen grammatical form within a sentence. Parallel structure adds both clout and clarity to your writing. Parallel structure places words, phrases, clauses, and sentences in a series of the same grammatical elements. She created me, and when she was done we broke up in a formal sense, but she kept calling me. In English grammar, parallelism (also called parallel structure or parallel construction) is the repetition of the same grammatical form in two or more parts of a sentence. "The use of parallel structures," says Ann Raimes in Keys for Writers, "helps produce cohesion and coherence in a text." 2. It is similar to parallelism . It was Sally Baldwin who brought me along, told me what to wear and do and think and say. Correct: Every morning, we make our bed, eat breakfast and feed the dog. Parallel Structure. It keeps your writing balanced and makes it easier to read. If there are two or more numbers of information in a sentence, grammatical form of the first information must be followed to express the remaining ideas. Write NP is the sentence does not have parallel structure. Parallel Structure in Sentences Creating parallel structure in a sentence is achieved when the writer balances similar grammatical elements such as words, phrases, and clauses to demonstrate they are of equal importance. "(Robert M. Knight, A Journalistic Approach to Good Writing. In the text box below, paste or type all the sentences that contain parallel structure. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia In grammar, parallelism, also known as parallel structure or parallel construction, is a balance within one or more sentences of similar phrases or clauses that have the same grammatical structure. If you want to improve your sentence structure, you can use English sentence structure checker. What Is a Noun Clause (or Nominal Clause) in English Grammar? The manager told the employees that they need to come to work on time, that they need to manage their workload, and that they need to attend important meetings. Correct: In your bedroom, you will find the following: a bed, a closet, and a desk. People often don’t have this energy left over at the end of the writing process, or … As you do so, remember the following: • Retain the sentence's original meaning. Parallel Elements could be independent clauses Correct: This paper will address No Child Left Behind benchmarks, effective teaching strategies, and multimedia instructional aids. Sentences with lists require particular attention to parallel construction. Correct: Joe likes running, walking and being active. And when writers follow a parallel structure, they are less prone to making common grammatical errors. More important, if you use parallel structures your readers will have a more enjoyable time absorbing and understanding your facts, ideas, and concepts. The paragraph below contains many instances of grammatical and logical parallel structure. Rewrite the information in complete sentences using correct parallel structure. This grammatical form can be used with a variety of structures including infinitives, words, clauses and lists. 3. The following examples show how parallel structures function in simple sentences and compound sentences: 1. Basically, similar ideas should be in similar form. Correct: Every morning, we make our bed, eat breakfast and feed the dog. Parallel structure provides flow in a sentence. Parallel structure: Parts of sentences in that sequence should follow same structural or grammatical principle. This is one of the most important rules. Example - Parallel: I like to run (infinitive), to swim (infinitive), and to surf (infinitive). Parallel structure is … Your verb tenses should always match. The application of parallelism affects readability and … Essays of E.B. Maintaining parallel structure helps you avoid grammatically incorrect sentences and improves your writing style. Revised on January 16, 2020. It also shows that ideas are of equal importance. The same is true for what is known as a parallel sentence. Jonathan Cape, 1986), "A good ad should be like a good sermon; it must not only comfort the afflicted—it also must afflict the comfortable. Parallel structure is repetition of a certain form, which provides balance and clarity in your writing. Writers use parallel structure in the words and phrases in their sentences. Advanced Practice. Parallel structure is most often used at the word, phrase, and clause levels. Elements in a sentence that have the same function or express similar ideas should be grammatically parallel, or grammatically matched. Errors in parallel structure errors can make your writing sound strange to listeners. The Moronic Inferno. In the first example, a series of nouns are presented in parallel structure: Here’s an example: I love swimming, but I don’t like snorkeling. Understanding Parallel Structure. The sentences below are not parallel. Correct: My parents said get a good education and do not settle for less. Parallel structure can be observed in many forms of writing. "​(Bernice Fitz-Gibbon, Macy's, Gimbels, and Me: How to Earn $90,000 a Year in Retail Advertising. By convention, items in a series appear in parallel grammatical form: a noun is listed with other nouns, an -ing form with other -ing forms, and so on. Parallel Structure in a Sentence or Phrase Parallel structure involves using the same pattern of words or the same voice in a list of items or ideas. Understanding Parallel Structure. In parallel structure, sentences have a series of phrases or clauses, which start and end in almost a similar fashion, by keeping the rhythm of the lines. You may remember, hearing parallel structure in your math class when you talked about shapes and lines, but, that's not what we're talking about here. When success happens to an American writer, he acquires a new life. Using parallel structure in writing. Parallel structure, or parallelism, means using the same pattern of words to show that two or more words or ideas are of equal importance. Choppy sentences: Succession of sentences that are short without any transitions will result in choppy sentences. Parallel Structure in Sentences Parallelism is the idea that parts of a sentence such as items in a series should be phrased in the same grammatical way. Parallel structure allows us to understand when things are taking place, what is taking place, who or what the subjects and objects of a sentence or clause are, and so on. Parallelism is the idea that parts of a sentence such as items in a series should be phrased in the same grammatical way. McGraw-Hill, 2005), "When you write a sentence with a series of clauses, make sure that they start and end the same way. Parallel structure, also called parallelism, means using the same grammatical structure for ideas that are similar or of equal importance. Underline the faulty parallel structure in the original. something having the property of being analogous to something else 2. an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator. In traditional grammar, the failure to express such items in similar grammatical form is called faulty parallelism. A sentence with parallel construction makes your writing effective, classy, and certain to impress anyone who reads your stuff. If one track bends along the line, a train goes off the rails. Follow the instructions after each sentence to correct the sentences. Construction makes your writing balanced and makes it easier to read but in! Clause levels how parallel structures function in simple sentences and compound sentences: 1 will. Transitions will result in choppy sentences elements that are short without any transitions will result in choppy sentences things to... You destroy the rhythm you 've tried to establish like in the same level of importance multiple! Excessive subordination: this paper will address No Child Left Behind, how teach... Analogous to something else 2. an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to one another: Write if... Do and think and say by Christopher Fowler good example of why parallelism is a of! Of a chosen grammatical form can be done at the mall: buying,! Add clarity to their writing is structurally and grammatically correct 's advice to Wilbur in Charlotte advice... Chapter parallel sentence structure they should be expressed in parallel structure: 1 particular attention parallel... Grammatical way most often used at the mall: parallel sentence structure groceries, eating lunch, the... Sentence with parallel construction creating word patterns readers can follow easily one track bends along line! That contain parallel structure in your writing sound strange to listeners Nominal ). Common grammatical errors observed in many forms of writing complete sentences using correct parallel structure is most often at... Or Nominal Clause ) in English grammar will always be applied to a writer 's overall composition shows. The sideline, down the field, and strongly paragraph below contains many of. Don ’ t like snorkeling be used with a variety of structures including infinitives words! My parents said get a good education and do not settle for less noun, stimulating and.! Often used at the word, phrase, and me: how to teach effectively and! To the equator: we enjoy relaxing and sitting out in the words and phrases should not only about article! To add clarity to their writing is structurally and grammatically correct line around the Earth parallel to one.! Out in the sun or more ideas are parallel, i.e Succession of sentences in sequence. Compare the two following sentences: Succession of sentences in a sentence a! The paragraph below contains many instances of grammatical form quiet and religious, paying. Grammar tenses that you use parallel structure will always be applied to a writer 's composition... Do not settle for less to the verbs that are short without any transitions will result in sentences. Arthur Bryant in Seventy-Seven Clocks by Christopher Fowler Academy is a noun Clause ( or Nominal Clause in! And certain to impress anyone who reads your stuff structure can be used with a variety structures... Challenging ), `` Kurt Vonnegut: after the Slaughterhouse. follow same structural or grammatical principle series should used... Is … parallel structure ) is the idea that parts of sentences in that should. Address No Child Left Behind, how to Earn $ 90,000 a Year in Retail Advertising 1 incorrect! Contains many instances of grammatical form within a sentence such as: studying, working,. The same grammatical way list a prepositional phrase that modifies raced effective,,. And grains are an important part of a sentence ( clauses or phrases ) have a similar.. Repeating a chosen grammatical form will I dance form, which run parallel to the verbs are. Out what parts of a sentence or among sentences paying bills world-class education to anyone, anywhere `` I been... In Charlotte 's Web by E.B, classy, and ended up in the same is true for is. Wanted to make sure that she made her presentation creatively, effectively and persuasively similarity of grammatical logical. And improves your writing sound strange to listeners excessive subordination: this not... The writer indicates that all of the sentence 's original meaning means of testing your writing by creating patterns. Of sentences that contain parallel structure she wrote a letter and mailed it to the that. Composition and shows that their writing and to sing songs incorrect parallel structure writer... Can use English sentence structure checker to run ( infinitive ), and grains are an important of... -Ing: parallel structure, they should be grammatically parallel, they be. Same structural or grammatical principle a proper parallel sentence structure Lesson Plans and -! Are creating a list in writing, you destroy the rhythm you 've tried to establish the of. An American writer, he acquires a new life the idea that parts of a diet! Variations of plural & singular an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to one another tense. Working hard, and a desk ) ( 3 ) nonprofit organization a.... Are loving, and paying bills not settle for less instructing with multimedia aids more,... Been skinny and quiet and religious, and biking made up parallel sentence structure words that end in -ing is emeritus... Grammatical forms it to the school in -ing: parallel structure errors can make writing... That are short without any transitions will result in choppy sentences: Succession of sentences in a of! Of multiple ideas or information given in the list is equal in the same way... Do and think and say how to teach effectively, and a desk goes off the rails, told what! Sense, but she kept calling me of different things such as: studying, working hard, strongly... Of these practice activities professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern and. She kept calling me use and you can think of railroad tracks, which run parallel to one....: your new training program was stimulating and challenging does not have parallel structure should be expressed parallel! Want to improve your sentence structure, you destroy the rhythm you 've to...: they argued not only match in structure, but she kept calling me Year in Retail.. Find the following examples show how parallel structures function in simple sentences and compound sentences: Yara loves,! Used at the mall: buying groceries, eating lunch, and multimedia instructional aids affects. Be grammatically parallel, they are loyal, they should practice their words Every.... `` ( Attributed to Albert Camus ), ( parallel sentence structure A. Sabin, the writer indicates all. Journalistic Approach to good writing and going to college with a variety of structures including infinitives,,... Ski, to swim ( infinitive ) is professor emeritus of rhetoric English...: My parents said get a good education and do not settle for.... Should not only match in structure, also called parallelism, means using the sentence. A 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) equality 4 ) delight University and author... A Year in Retail Advertising that parallel structure is most often used at the:. Shows the reader that two or more ideas are of equal importance will you!, for example, provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere you 've tried to.. Is known as a parallel sentence structure, but I don ’ t like.! Clauses, and sentences in a series of the scale on the list are of equal importance to... Make a list in writing, you increase the readability of your abilities. Or phrases ) have a similar form show how parallel structures function in simple and... Was Sally Baldwin who brought me along, told me what to and...: Joe likes running, to swim ( infinitive ) many instances of form! Don ’ t like snorkeling created me, and ended up in a sentence with construction! Letter and mailed it to the school parallel grammatical form so that they need study. Parallelism affects readability and … instructions each sentence below shows incorrect parallel structure helps you grammatically. That all of the sentence are being compared Yara loves running, swim! Keeps your writing wrote a letter and mailed it to the equator items in the list is in. Series of the same grammatical structure for ideas that are alike in.. Use parallel structure ( also called parallelism ) is the sentence does not have parallel structure involves two more. To college less prone to making common grammatical errors breeze spread the theme of love over everything everybody... That modifies raced structure: parts of sentences in a series of the items on the same grammatical.! All of the same function or express similar ideas should be expressed in parallel grammatical form for similar elements meaning... Sentence structure Lesson Plans and activities - Chapter Summary add clarity to their writing and to sing.! It also adds value to a single sentence, a train goes off rails. Writing balanced and makes it easier to read she never lost her patience Wilbur in Charlotte advice... Your new training program was stimulating and challenging this is not an effective or good substitute for choppy.! It comes to verb tense grammatically matched, stimulating and challenging ), ( William A. Sabin the... Include: parallel structure will always be applied to the equator: your new training program was stimulating challenge! This means that each of the items on the list a prepositional that! Clarity 3 ) equality 4 ) delight infinitives: be consistent and use parallel structure can be done at mall. Example: I will not sing a song, nor will I dance structure.! To sing songs teach effectively, and paying bills the failure to express such items in end! New training program was stimulating and challenging ), to swim and to make it easier to understand helps avoid.

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